Looking at the stats, vaginal tearing happens to 9 women out of 10 out there. In fact, minor tears — not so every negligible though, are as common as to say there are proper 99% chances of vaginal tearing happens during childbirth.
Like your baby, tears are not very endeavoring. Of course, this experience differs from mother to mother but vaginal tearing healing escapade can be a very uncomfortable time when you are considered the hard days officially over.
It is certain to have questions/curiosity when you are new to it. With my first baby, I, too had many questions about everything and vaginal tearing was once feared. What is vaginal tearing? What is the factor that results in tearing? Can we avoid vaginal tearing? Is it curable and loads more?
Don’t fret, I have covered all the required questions that might be bugging you in aspects to vaginal tearing. My girls, the answers are in our favor. So don’t worry, read along. You got this!
VAGINAL TEARING-How to avoid during Birth Process?
What is Vaginal tearing?
Vaginal tearing also referred to as perineal lacerations occur when the baby’s head is too big to come out of the vaginal opening or when the vagina is unable to stretch out for the baby.
During the second stage of labor, the baby’s head sinks down into the vagina and advances into the perineum. In order to deliver the baby, the perineal skin — the skin between the vagina and anus must stretch over your baby’s head.
As the crowning the beginning (baby begins to come out), the vaginal opening must stretch out for the baby, if it’s unable to do so, a tear or many and severe can occur during the delivery.
Types of tearing:-
There are different levels that define Vaginal tearing. 1st and 2nd degree are the most common tears women get while giving childbirth.
- First-degree tears are the easiest A.K.A, pretty small compared to the rest of them and usually require few or none stitches. They cut through the upper skin and can be cured easily.
- 2nd-degree tears cut through the skin and the muscles below it. These tears usually require a few stitches.
- The scary games begin with 3rd and 4th tier tears. Third-degree tear cuts through the vaginal skin, perineal skin and the muscles around your anus.
- 4th-degree tears outlive 3rd in tearing. It cuts through vaginal skin, perineal skin, the muscles around your anus and the tissues along with it.
- Both 3rd and 4th tearing is pretty damaging and takes months to leave you properly. It can bring you discomfort, irritation, and pain.
Factors that lead to vaginal tearing
1. Perineal stretching: The most common factor that leads to vaginal tearing during childbirth is the inability to stretch out for the baby. Given the situation, it’s only common to go through it. With increasing and simultaneous contraction, we are bound to get exhausted.
2. Baby’s head: My first child was big, really big. To make things further difficult, it was my first delivery. Breathing out a small baby is hard, imagine pushing down the biggest of watermelons out there.
3. First-time pregnant: To all the first time mothers, you’ll make through it. Do not worry! But yes, the first time experience of pregnancy is usually harsh. You just wait for all the painful things to just happen. Pregnancy pains are the kind of surprise we all don’t really want, do we?
4. Asian ethnicity: Recent studies show Asian women are at a higher risk of getting vaginal tears during childbirth than any other country.
Mothers don’t usually feel vaginal tears during childbirth. The reason is obvious — the unending contraction doesn’t let you feel any other thing. Vaginal tearing is mostly postpartum senses.
How to avoid Vaginal tearing during childbirth
Tearing can be a rough patch in your postpartum journey. But with precautions, we can pull this through and in this post, I’m going to tell you just how to do that.
1. Perineal Massage
Perineal massage has shown to be very efficient during childbirth, it reduces the chances of tearing and keeps you in touch with your own body, the muscles that you must use while pushing.
Though it might seem unfit and uncomfortable to start with, perineal massage has a lot of merits to talk about. It requires vaginal and anal region massaging, inside out.
You can take the help of your partner to accomplish it or you can do it by yourself, if you may prefer.
2. Kegel Exercise — Pelvic floor exercise
Kegel Exercises are very advisable to pregnant ladies. Given its advantages. Kegel Exercise helps you be in charge of your pelvic muscles that support bladder, uterus, and bowel.
There doesn’t ask you for too much. You just have to lie down and practice controlling your muscles. That is, kegel requires you to hold back your pelvic muscles as if holding back from urinating.
Hold these muscles for 20 seconds every goes and relaxes. You can perform this exercise as often as you wish. It is advisable to keep this exercise into your daily routine.
Kegel exercises will bring you closer to the muscles that will help you to give birth. Furthermore, you will be better familiar with your muscles and therefore will have a better hold during childbirth.
With that said, it has a high chance
of reducing the risk of tearing and has many other postpartum recovery benefits. For example, it helps you with incontinence a.k.a, your inability to hold the bladder.
3. Birth Position
Birth Position plays a very important role while giving childbirth. It’s unsaid yet so very required. Usually, we are asked to lie down with our legs holding up in the air. The position might favor few but hinders and promotes delayed delivery and even tears.
It’s said, the best position that can help you with childbirth is the one that you are most comfortable in. You know about your body better than anyone, you are sure as hell can tell about your position. So go for it, try some of the position beforehand if you are in doubt.
4. Childbirth in Water
Some women love to give birth in water. I, for my case, didn’t get the chance but it shouldn’t stop you from having whatever you want for your baby and yourself. I have seen cases where 2nd-time mother opted for a water delivery after having her first delivery in the hospital. Must have its own merits, I tell you.
Water, for one, has always been relaxing to the core. You can imagine just any summer pool time scenario. To top of that, warm water is the ultimate nirvana.
Despite studies not finding any relation whatsoever to childbirth and water birth, mothers love it. It can be called psychological but hey, until it’s working, that’s all we want!
5. Breathe in and out
Yes, metaphorically and literally. The fear of pain hurts one more than the fear itself. True that. Always remember, it is going to come for good and be gone for good, so just breathe out.
During giving birth and the whole pushing process, we forget to breathe. Don’t hold you’re breathing, no matter what cost. The oxygen is necessary for you and the baby.
That being said, we don’t have push unless our doctors ask us to. So, do not tire yourself with the urge to push. Push only when you are asking for it. Unnecessarily pushing will snatch off your strength. Hold it until it is at most necessary.
Is Episiotomy Safe?
An episiotomy is the surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vaginal area in order to facilitate childbirth. This surgery is usually conducted when the second stage of labor kicks in.
The main aim of Episiotomy was to prevent vaginal tearing. It was said, Episiotomy would be easier than natural vaginal tears when it came to postpartum healing.
But now studies show, Episiotomy can indeed itself increase the chances of further tearing into. It’s rather problematic than giving pain.
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